2018/2019 PHYSICS (THEORY &OBJ) QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

2018/2019 PHYSICS (THEORY &OBJ) QUESTIONS & ANSWERS FROM EXAMSUCCESS247.COM
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(1a)
Strain can be defined as the ratio of extension per unit length
Strain=extension/length

(1b)
Strain=extension/length
Let original length=L
Final length=2L
Extension=2L-L=L
Strain=L/L=1

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(2)
(i) Silicon Dioxide
(ii) Silica Powder
(iii) Germanium Tetrachloride

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(3)
(i) Ferromagnetic material
(ii) Diamgentic material
(iii) Pamangentic material

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(5)
Range = u²Sin2tita/g
At maximum range
Sin2tita = 1
2tita =sin^-1(1)
2tita = 90dgrees
Tita = 90/2 = 45degree

Maximum height reached = u²sin²tita/2g
=u²(sin45)²/2g
=200²(sin45)²/2(10)
=40000(1/√2)2/20
=40000(1/2)/20
=20000/20
=1000metres.

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(6)
Given constant = 2.9×10^-3mk
Temperature = 57degreeC = (57+273)k = 330k
Using landamaxT = constant
landamaxT330 = 2.9×10^-3
landamax = 2.9×10^-3/330
landamax = 8.788×10^-6m
The speed of electromagnetic wave, v = 3×10^8m/s
Using V = f landa
f = v/landa
=3×10^8/8.788×10^-6
=3.4×10^13Hz

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(7a)
LASER stands for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation.

(7b)
Laser is a device that generates an intense beam of coherent monochromatic light or other electromagnetic radiation by stimulated emission of photons from excited atoms or molecules.

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(9ai)
(i) Nature of the Substance
(ii) Medium of transmission

(9aii)
(i)State or phase of the substance (i.e Solid, Liquid or gas).
(ii)Temperature of the medium

(9b)
(i) Temperature
(ii) Specific hear capacity of the body

(9c)
The statement means that the amount of hear energy required to change 1kg of liquid mercury to gaseous mercury without change in temperature is 2.72*10^5Kg^-1

(9di)
Please Note D means “Change Sign”
Q=MCDQ
V^2/R * t=MCπQ
(220)^2*4*60/35=M*4200*(100-28)
33,885.7=302400m
M=33,885.7/302400
M=1.098kg

(9dii)
V^2/R *t=MLv
(220)^2 *5 *60/35=0.3*Lv
414857.14=0.3Lv
Lv=414857.14/0.3
Lv=1382857.13Jkg^-1

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10a)
Diffraction refers to various phenomena that occur when a wave encounters an obstacle or a slit. It is defined as the bending of light around the corners of an obstacle or aperture into the region of geometrical shadow of the obstacle.

(10bi)
Critical angle is the highest angle of incidence in a denser medium when angle of refraction in the less dense mediumis 90 degrees

(10bii)
Critical angle=90-44=46degrees
The refractive index of the glass is obtained as follows
The refractive index(n)=sini/sinr=sin46/sin90=0.7193/1
=0.7193

(10ci)
fo=200Hz
f1=3v/4l =>closed pipe
f1=v/l=>open pipe
but 3fo=f1=>closed pipe
3*200=f1=>f1=600Hz
Also f1=2fo=>open pipe
2fo=600
fo=600/2=300Hz

(10cii)
v=330m/s
L=?
fo=200Hz
fo=v/4l
=>200=330/4l
800l=330
l=330/800
l=0.4124m

(10ciii)
fo=v/2l
fo=300Hz
v=330m/s
300=330/2l
l=330/600
l=0.55m

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(12a) This is defined as the amount of energy that must be supplied to a nucleus to completely separate it’s nuclear particles (nucleons)

(12b)
(i) They have short wavelength and high frequency.
(ii) They are highly penetrating.
(iii) They travel in straight lines.
(iv) They don’t require material medium for their propagation.

(12c)
-It is used in production of electricity.
-It is used to study and detect charges in genetic engineering.
-It is used in agriculture.
-It is used in treatment of cancer.

(12di)
E = hf-hfo
but f = v/landa
E= v/landa.h – wo
Where wo = hfo = work function
f= frequency
landa = wavelength
Hence
hf = hfo – E
f = hfo – E/h
f = wo – E/h
Recall; that v = f landa
Therefore f = v/landa = 3×10^8/4.5×10-7
=3/4.5 × 10^8+7
=6.6×10^14Hz
f = 6.6×10^14Hz

(12dii)
E = hf
=6.6×10^-34 × 6.6×10^14Hz
=43.56×10^-20J

(12diii)
Energy of the photoelectron E = hf – vo
=Energy of incident electron – work function
=4.356×10^-19J – 3.0×10^-19J
=1.356×10^-19J

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