Friday 7th July 2017 Essay – Human and Regional Geography – 10am – 12pm

Friday 7th July 2017
Essay – Human and Regional Geography – 10am – 12pm
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*GEOGRAPHY SOLUTIONS*
2b)
– Physical Supply Of Products
Transportation carries necessary raw materials to
factory for production of goods and supplies finished
goods to consumers. It creates place and time utility of
goods by transporting from one place to another. It
easily carries finished to the hands of those who need
and use them. This significantly increases aggregate
sales of goods. In fact, transport is such a key of
marketing, which helps in carrying goods to the
scattered consumers in different places, narrows the gap
between producers and consumers and facilitates to
distribute goods to the consumers at minimum cost and
time.
– Specialization
Transportation facility encourages division of labor and
specialization on geographical or regional basis.
Transportation cost highly affects localization of
industries. Production of goods may center at such place
where the environment is the best and production cost
is minimum. This makes maximum utilization of local
resources possible, which is both economically and
socially necessary.
– Mobility Of Labor And Capital
Transportation facility provides mobility to labor and
capital. If more labor force is available at any place,
transport helps to carry it economically to necessary
place. The means of transport carry labors from one
place to another. This encourages labor and capital to
use and invest in more productive sectors.
– Stabilization In Price
Transportation helps to bring stability in price of
different products. It transports goods from more
supplied places to scarcely supplied areas. This
establishes coordination between demand and supply,
and brings stability in prices. It helps to supply
necessary goods regularly to the consumers. Besides this,
consumers get necessary goods at lower prices, because
it encourages competition among producers and makes
mass production at lower cost possible.
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3a)-Raw Materials:
Firms using raw materials that are costly to transport
will definitely be attracted to the source of the raw
material. Some firms operate in a “weight” reducing
technique, where a given quantity of raw materials is
processed down into a small quantity of finished
products. It’s cheaper to transport the lighter finished
goods to the market, than it is to transport the bulky
raw materials to the industry e.g. The Kenya Orchards
Ltd has got its main food processing plant at Machakos
because the vegetables, which are the raw materials, are
grown near Machakos.
– Markets:
Some firms find it economically viable to locate
themselves as close as possible to their markets. This
applies to firms which use a given quality of raw
materials. They use these given raw materials to add
weight to the products during the manufacturing
process so that the finished products are heavier. These
industries are known as the “weight” increasing
industries; e.g., the brewing industries.
– . Fuel and Power:
Fuel and power do not play a vital role in East Africa as
it does in the established industrial centers of Europe
and North America, which substitute electricity with
coal. Most firms in East Africa use electricity as their
main source of power and this can be transported over
long distances and at low costs. However, major
electricity generating plants may attract a
conglomeration of firms especially those which use large
quantities of electricity. This can be well illustrated by
the concentration of many industries near Owen Falls at
Jinja, Uganda. Owen Falls is Uganda’s electricity
generating plant.
– 4. Labor:
Due to high levels of unemployment in Nigeria,
unskilled labor is usually available throughout the
region. Therefore, firms requiring skilled and semi-
skilled labor will have to locate themselves in the
already established industrial centers in major towns or
be prepared to undertake intensive training
programmes.
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5a.
5b)Tin Mining Process:
Tin is extracted by roasting the mineral casseterite with
carbon in a furnace to approximately 2500 degrees
Fahrenheit. The next step involves leaching with acid or
water solutions to remove impurities. Electrostatic or
magnetic separation helps to remove any heavy metal
impurities.
5c-Industrial development
-Increase in employment
– Agricultural development
– Source of energy
– Development of self dependency
– Industrial development :
If the mineral resources can be extracted and utilized ,
mineral based industries can be established and
expanded . Petrol , diesel , iron , coal, etc. are minerals
for industries . This accelerates the industrial
development.
– Increase in employment:
The existence of mineral resource provides employment
opportunity to the people. Mineral resources help to
establish the new industries where skilled and unskilled
people can get employment opportunity.
– Agricultural development :
Some mineral resources are used to make modern
agricultural tools machines and fertilizers , etc. They
can be used for the modernization and
commercialization of agriculture , which help to
develop the agriculture .
– Source of energy:
There are various sources of energy like petrol , diesel ,
natural gas, etc. in Nepal. If these minerals can be
extracted, they can provide the necessary energy for
industrial sectors and house hold use.
– Development of self dependency :
If we develop mineral resource based industries , we
can create more jobs with quality products . We will be
independent when industrialization occurs with the uses
of mineral resources.
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(6b) Agriculture – Most of the people living in the area
engage in the domestication of animals and cultivation
of land – due to the presence of fertile soil.
– Mining : The region is also characterised with mining
of solid minerals like limestones.
– Human Habitation : it is suitable for human
habitation. It favours the construction of good transport
network.
– craft type industries – The people engaged in the
production of mats, ceramics etc.
(6c)
– water shortage
– unpredictable weather
– desert encroacment
– Rural – urban migration

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